Bullet Landscape Pests & Weeds



Landscape pest and weeds can contribute to household pest populations by giving harborage and food. When pest populations exceed there habitat they look for new areas for food and harborage, often your home. By controlling outdoor pests you can help reduce indoor pest populations.

Turfgrass diseases are often caused by over watering, improper fertilization, poor soil conditions and gardeners using contaminated equipment. A soil analysis will give us the information we need to correctly identify nutritional needs of the soil and will tell us what needs to be done to correct the conditions.


Pre-emergent and post emergent applications for most weeds is recommended for control in lawns.

Pre-emergent applications are done in the early spring and late fall. Pre-emergent applications will stop 65%-75% of the growth of weeds on the first application and up to 95% after the second application.

Post emergent applications will control weeds that escape the pre-emergent application.


Weeds of Lawn & Landscape

A coarse warm-season annual grass with a flattened stem especially near the base. Lower portion of the plant tends to be reddish purple. The seed head branches into six to eight short compact segments. Ligule and auricles are absent.


Warm season perennial producing both rhizomes and stolons which lay flat and creep across an area rooting at the nodes. Flowering culms flattened erect or ascending 4 to 15 inches tall. Ligule a conspicuous ring of white hairs.


A late-starting, rapidly growing summer annual. The green, smooth stems branch along the ground in all directions from the root forming a flat circular mat on the soil surface. 
The light-green, smooth, tongue like leaves are grouped five to six together forming whorls at each joint on the stem. Flowers are small, white, with several at each joint.


White Clover 
A cool-season perennial legume that spreads by underground and above ground stems. May or may not be objectionable in lawns, depending on individual preference. Flowers white, sometimes with a tinge of pink. Seeds will live for 20 or more years in the soil. Other common names: White Dutch clover.

Foxtails are warm-season annuals. Yellow foxtail has flattened stems that are often reddish color on the lower portion. The stems of green foxtail are round. The seed of yellow foxtail is four times as large as green foxtail. Giant foxtail may be found in some lawns.

Cool-season perennial common throughout the region. The yellow flowers occur from early spring to late fall. The thick fleshy taproot, often branched, can give rise to new shoots. Seedlings may appear throughout the spring and summer and are often abundant in the fall.

Dock seldom flowers when growing in lawns. The plant forms a large rosette. Curly dock is most common. The leaves have crinkled edges. They are often tinted with red or purple color. Pale dock, also known as tall dock has leaves that tend to be more flat and broad. Both species have flowering stalks that may reach a height of 2 to 3 feet.

Garlic, wild 
The slender, smooth leaves are hollow and attached to the lower portion of the waxy stems. Both bulbs and bulblets are produced underground. Green to purple flowers are often replaced with bulblets. There is a characteristic oniongarlic odor. Wild onion is similar to wild garlic but does not produce under ground bulblets and the leaves are not hollow.

A decidedly warm-season annual most often found growing where cool-season grass stands are thin. Germinates later than crabgrass. The stems tend to be flattened and near the base are whitish in color. Flower heads are thicker and more robust than on common crabgrass. The extensive fibrous root system makes it difficult to pull.

A winter annual that starts growth in September. Stems look square; plants usually upright. Flowers are lavender to blue. Leaves are opposite. A few plants may bloom in the fall but the majority blossom in early spring.

Nutsedge, yellow 
Warm-season perennial. Triangular stems of sedges produce three ranked leaves from near the ground. Leaves are light yellow-green. Lower portion of plant is fibrous and brown. Roots often terminate with small nutlets, about the size of a kernel of popcorn. Seed heads appear burlike. Plants grow rapidly in spring and early summer.

Broadleaf Plantation 
Cool-season perennials that form rosettes with prominently veined leaves. The leaves of blackseed are oval shaped and 2 to 3 inches across with purplish stalks. Broadleaf plantain has smaller leaves without purplish coloration. Both species have rat-tail like seed heads that are several inches long.

Plantain, buckhorn Perennial. 
Has slender, narrow leaves that are about one inch across with three to five prominent veins. The seed head is a short cylindrical spike.

Purslane, common 
A warm-season annual. Leaves and stems fleshy or succulent, reddish in color. Grows prostrate. Root system tends to be fibrous; stems root wherever they touch the ground, particularly if the main root has been destroyed. Flowers small, yellow. Seeds very small, black.

A warm-season annual grass most often found in sandy turf areas that have been on low maintenance programs. Stems are flattened and branched; may be confused with yellow foxtail before the formation of the spiny burs.

A winter annual. The deeply lobed leaves form rosettes in the fall that may be confused with dandelions; however, the leaves lack the milky sap. Blooms in very early spring. White flowers develop into triangular seed pods filled with numerous tiny reddish brown seeds. Individual seed pods held by their small stems resemble the purse once carried by shepherds.

Spurge, prostrate 
A prostrate growing warm-season annual. Most prominent in July, August and September. Milky sap; leaves with or without reddish brown spots. Seeds are borne in three’s in a capsule. Other common names: Milk spurge.

Biennial or perennial; reproducing by seed or fleshy root system. Leaves vary from 2 to 6 inches long, dark green or white in color with a spiny margin. May occur in turf as a rosette.

Windmill Grass 
Perennial. Leaf sheath flattened and keeled, leaf blade grayish-green, 1 ⁄ 4 to 1 ⁄ 2 inch wide. Panicles of two or three whorls, stiff, wide spreading spikes. Primarily occurring in range and pasture areas. Lawns started with pasture sod or topsoil may be infested.

Woodsorrel, yellow (oxalis) 
Classified as a perennial but more often performs as a warm-season annual. Stems branch from the base. The leaves are divided into three leaflets giving a clover like appearance. Funnel-form flowers are yellow (in some species violet). The seedpod is cylindrical, five-sided and pointed. The plants contain soluble oxalates that give it a rather pleasing sour taste.

Chickweed, common 
A hardy, low growing annual or winter annual with creeping stems that root at the nodes. It has a delicate appearance and is found in green form most of the year in milder climates. The small, opposite leaves are oval-shaped and smooth. The small star-like flowers are white. Common chickweed is most often found in the shade of trees and shrubs and especially on the north side of buildings.


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